Chapter 6 - SOC 308 Chapter 6 Gender Race and Ethnic...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
SOC 308 Chapter 6 Gender, Race, and Ethnic Influence on Health Gender and Health o Work holds an important role to men’s mental and physical health. o Unemployment, job insecurity, and even early retirement can bring disease and premature death. o Marriage and parenthood provide anchors for men emotionally, to some extent prevents smoking, excessive drinking and drug use. o Men have more health advantages than women because they have access to more resources than women do. o In less-developed countries, poor men, women and children face chronic uncertainty regarding income and adequate food supply. o In more-developed countries, the working class and middle class face uncertain working conditions. o Women may be protected from a number of diseases by their reproduction physiology and certain X-linked genes. They tend to live longer and estrogen protects them from heart disease. o Biological differences between men and women play a modest role in explaining health difference, whereas social factors play a major role. Women’s Health and Poverty o Poverty affects women and young girls more because they have less access to resources . o Women’s chronic hunger, overwork, and economic dependence in less-developed countries often lead to hopelessness, exhaustion, anger and fear. Plus, they have to take care of their children more than their husbands. o According to WHO, more than 60% of women in less-developed countries are malnourished. o Maternal mortality ranges from 100 to 1,000 maternal deaths/million live births in poor countries. Most of these are preventable with proper nutrition and basic health care. o Women’s health was worsened when they lived in poor-quality neighborhoods, lacked modern amenities in their households, and did not participate in the paid labor force. o Higher income and standard of living are significant predictors of better health. o In less-developed countries, women’s labor is culturally undervalued, and there’s little chance of social mobility. o Malnutrition is significantly higher among girls than boys since males get better privilege than females. o Earning income is generally good for women’s physical and mental health. It enhances personal control over daily life and helps prevent isolation.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
o Income also gives women leverage with husbands. o Children’s nutritional and health status is improved more by increases in household earnings from women because they spend more than men on food for the family. o Coercion and violence are additional factors that affect women’s health. o Violence against women may also originate in state or local policies regarding women’s health and reproduction. EX: enforcement of China’s one-child policy included coerced abortions. o
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 6

Chapter 6 - SOC 308 Chapter 6 Gender Race and Ethnic...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online