Chapter 6 lecture - Gender, Race, and Ethnic Influences on...

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Unformatted text preview: Gender, Race, and Ethnic Influences on Health Chapter 6 Gender and Health Men are most vulnerable to violence Mens key mental and physical health: work roles Unemployment, job insecurity, and even early retirement can bring disease and premature death to men Marriage and parenthood provide anchors for men emotionally Men have health advantages from having access to more resources than women Womens Risk of Poor Health Women may be protected from a number of diseases by their reproductive physiology and certain X-linked genes Estrogen protects women from heart disease and early death Womens greater longevity Women benefit in terms of improved life expectancy from marriage as compared to their unmarried counterparts Social factors play a major role Effect of the Feminization of U.S. Poverty on Women and Childrens Health Poverty has especially harsh consequences for girls and women, because they have fewer resources than males Womens responsibility to feed and care for their children is a constant source of anxiety Womens health chances tend to reflect the standard of living of their social class Source: Angel and Angel, 1993. Painful Inheritance: Health and the New Generational of Fatherless Families . University of Wisconsin Press. Womens Health and Global Poverty During chaos and turmoil from war or rapid social change, women are more vulnerable to abduction and coercion Infanticide against girl babies occur where the pressures are intense to have boys and births are limited In a survey of 1,250 women in Madras, India, over half reported to have killed an infant daughter Violence against women may also originate in state policies Chinas one child policy included coerced abortions Is FMG practice a cultural or religious practice? In most FGM societies one important belief is that this procedure will reduce a women's desire for sex and in doing so will reduce the chance of sex outside the marriage. Unless a female has undergone this procedure she is unclean and will not be allowed to handle food or water. Some groups believe that if the clitoris touches a man's penis the man will die. The belief that an unmutilated female can not conceive. Bad genital odors can only be eliminated by removing the clitoris and labia minora. Prevents vaginal cancer. An unmodified clitoris can lead to masturbation or lesbianism. Prevents nervousness from developing in girls and women. Makes a women's face more beautiful. Older men may not be able to match their wives sex drive. Source: Amnesty International. http://web.amnesty.org/actforwomen/index-eng A cultural practice predominant in Africa What is Female genital mutilation (FGM)?...
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Chapter 6 lecture - Gender, Race, and Ethnic Influences on...

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