Arctic position paper - General Assembly The Situation in...

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General Assembly The Situation in the Arctic United States Maria Gwinn Clay High School BACKGROUND INFORMATION The Arctic Council was formed in 1991 and officially established in 1996 in order to promote the peaceful cooperation, interaction, and coordination amongst the Arctic states (U.S., Russia, Canada, Denmark, Iceland, Norway, Finland, and Sweden) and indigenous Arctic communities. Some issues that the Arctic Council deals with involve environmental protection and sustainable development within the Arctic in an effort to keep the area and its inhabitants safe. In 2007, Russia placed their flag in the Arctic in an effort to claim some of the territory as their own. This created a large controversy about the Arctic and was the beginning of a silent “war” between the Arctic countries for the territory. COUNTRY’S POSITION The United States plays a large role in the Arctic Council and takes the situation in the Arctic very seriously. The number one priority of the council, in the opinion of the United States, is to keep the Arctic safe for the indigenous peoples living in the area. The

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