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November 14 notes

November 14 notes - CONFESSIONALIZATION AND WARS OF...

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November 14, 2007 CONFESSIONALIZATION AND WARS OF RELIGION I. Confessionalization II. Wards of Religion a. The Schmalkaldic War b. The Dutch Revolt c. The French Wars of Religion d. The Thirty Years’ War I. Confessionalization a. Process of defining beliefs and enforcing orthodoxy b. New church and states defined and consolidated power c. As the kings, lords, etc were trying to build support for the new state, they used the church to mobilize their efforts i. Religion played a role in legitimizing the new government d. Aspects of Confessionalization: i. (1) defining beliefs ii. (2) controlling education iii. (3) enforcing orthodoxy an punishing heresy iv. (4) enforcing public morality v. (5) confessional culture vi. (6) the confessional state (the head of the state becomes the head of the church) e. Jesuits (Society of Jesus) founded in 1538 by Ignatius Loyold i. Wrote Spiritual Exercises 1. 1522 2. Submission to God’s will 3. Faith as a form of discipline and effort 4. Obedience to authority ii. Formed a spiritual army iii. Believed in an intellectual and spiritual elite
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