Human Memory.docx - Human Memory Information Processing Rolling stones Memory and Info Processing Acquisition of Info Serial Anticipation Learning

Human Memory.docx - Human Memory Information Processing...

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Human Memory & Information Processing Rolling stones Memory and Info Processing Acquisition of Info Serial Anticipation Learning Paired Associate Learning Mediating Strategies – Meaningfulness, Frequency, Formation of Images, Schema, Pronounceability, Rhyming etc. Encoding Specificity & Distinctiveness Transfer positive, zero, negative Verbal learning and associated variables Verbal mediators- commonalities Rehearsal- maintenance, elaborative Natural language mediators- stimulus Retrieval Forgetting Measuring Retention – Recall, Recognition, Re-Learning (Savings) Theories of Forgetting – Decay, Interference, Repression Types of Interference – Proactive, Retroactive, Ways to Improve Retrieval – Over learning, Organization, Chunking Models of Memory & Information Processing The theories and processes applied: An Examination of the Serial Position Curve Acquisition of Info Materials & methods The bulk of research on memory has employed Verbal Materials They range from Nonsense Syllables to words to sentences to paragraphs o take a paragraph rearrange the words, this allowed you to pick which words were meaningful This range of materials allows for manipulation of the amount of Meaning in a stimuli Herrmann Ebbinghaus 1 st to published study of memory in 1885 invented the Nonsense Syllable 2 major types o CVC- Consonant-vowel-consonant Example: text o CCC-consonant-consonant-consonant Purpose was to attempt to eliminate the effects of prior knowledge on learning of materials Procedure- Serial Anticipation Learning Read a list of nonsense syllable to the beat of metronome to insure each item received the same exposure for study On all exposures following the initial exposure he attempted to form an association b/w the current stimuli and the next stimuli on the list
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Serial Anticipation Learning Items are shown individually All items on a list are shown once to constitute a single trial On each subsequent trial the subject attempts to anticipate what the next item will be from viewing of the current item (i.e.- each item is thus both a Stimulus and Response) Measurement What is measure is the # of trials until criterion is reach Also the # of errors per item is measured The latter measure is taken to insure items are of approximately equal difficulty Results Items at the beginning and the end of the lists are more easily learned Words are more easily learned with this method of than either CVC or CCC stimuli The method also provides for a measure of retention called Savings Paired Associate Learning main principle is to establish an Association b/w 2 items 1 item serves as the stimuli for the recall of the other item (i.e.- an item is either a stimulus or a response item never both as in serial anticipation learning) The major employer of this technique, using words, has been Dr. Allan Paivio , was one of
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  • Winter '14
  • Memory processes, item, serial position curve, nonsense syllables, Serial Anticipation Learning

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