Chapter 7 lecture

Chapter 7 lecture - Mental Health Social Global Issues...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–12. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Mental Health: Social & Global Issues Chapter 7
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
What is mental illness?
Background image of page 2
Defining the problem 1. Mental health professionals continue to debate definitions of mental illness 2. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders published by the American Psychiatric Association lists and describes many psychiatric disorders. 3. Many people seek help for mental problems voluntarily, but communities determine when services will be provided on an involuntary basis. 4. Defining mental disorders remains difficult because there is no conclusive cause for many of these problems.
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Theories about the causes and means of controlling mental illness Heredity, genetic, chromosomal link (biological inheritance) Sociological Approach (Social Causation/Deviance) Learning- socialization process, people learn values, norms, and all roles and actions appropriate to individuals as members of a particular group. Social Stress- being locked into a lower class with limited opportunities Societal Reaction- viewed as a social status rather than a disease because symptoms of mental disorder are associated with social rather than medical contingencies.
Background image of page 4
Types of Mental Illness Symptom-based nosology versus etiology- based nosology Psychiatric diagnoses are often based upon symptom clusters rather than tied to biological classification based on etiology and pathogenesis (Pichot, 1994). Pichot, P. (1994). Nosological models in psychiatry. British Journal of Psychiatry , 164 , 232–40.
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Affective Disorders Bipolar affective disorder or manic depression Depression is rooted in social conditions, emotional relationships, and biological dynamics Rapid social changes and uprooting community ties A lack of purpose Job insecurity
Background image of page 6
Anxiety Disorders Panic disorder Obsessive-compulsive disorder Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Schizophrenia “Psychosis” or “Madness” across cultures Influenced by social and environmental factors Stigma Attempt to “normalize” or explain away the behavior Some cultures subject psychotic individuals to brutal treatment, even caging or starving them
Background image of page 8
Schizophrenia Cultural variations influence the response and recovery of people with schizophrenia (e.g., delusions, hallucinations, agitation, fragmented thought and communication processes, grossly inappropriate affect) Financial resources make continued treatment and stabilization of the condition over time possible Supportive family, friends and health care help individuals
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
A Cross National Study of Mental Illness: Clues to the Global Prevalence and Correlates of Mental Illness The WHO established the International Consortium in Psychiatric Epidemiology (ICPE) found that more than 1/3 of the overall sample (approx. 30,000) had at least one disorder at some time in their life with anxiety disorders being the most prevalent
Background image of page 10
Pop Quiz What is the Gold Standard for Diagnosing Mental Illness? In the U.S., the most common mental
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 12
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 03/20/2008 for the course SOC 308 taught by Professor Kurtz during the Fall '07 term at University of Texas.

Page1 / 32

Chapter 7 lecture - Mental Health Social Global Issues...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 12. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online