Political Science Notes Exam 3

Political Science Notes Exam 3 - Campaigns and Elections...

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Campaigns and Elections The Logic of Elections In a representative democracy how do you keep the needs of the people ahead of the desires and ambitions of representatives? Regular, Free Elections work to ameliorate this problem: The prospect of future elections gives officeholders who want to keep or improve their jobs a motive to be responsive agents. The Right to Vote Most Common Form of Political Participation in the U.S.: Voting The History of Suffrage in the U.S. Property Qualifications (by 1840s) Universal suffrage for white males (21+) Suffrage for Women The 19 th Amendment (1920) Suffrage Rights for Black Americans The 15 th Amendment (1870) technically all males 21+ able to vote State Restrictions: White Primary Supreme outlawed it in 1844 Smith vs. Allwright 1994 Literacy Tests Outlawed by the Voting Rights Act (1965) Poll Taxes Outlawed by 24 th Amendment (1964)
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Suffrage for blacks was not universal until the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Suffrage for Young Americans The 26 th Amendment (1971) Gave 18-20 years old citizens the right to vote Who Uses the Right to Vote? Elections yield collective benefits. People enjoy payoffs even if they have not helped to produce them by voting A single vote is not likely to make much of a difference. Voter Turnout in the U.S. Levels Presidential: 50% Congressional: 30-35% 2004 Presidential Election: 55% Comparison to European Democracies: 75-80% Individual Factors Affecting Turnout Age Younger electorates usually don’t vote (18-20) Education More years of schooling more likely to turn out to vote Single best predictor of whether or not someone is going to turn out to vote *** Income Strong positive relation Race/Ethnicity Whites higher chance to vote Hispanics lower turnout
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Efficacy Internal A lot of confidence in their own ability to understand and engage in politics External How likely will my vote can influence a decision can influence the government? Believes vote doesn’t matter Institutional Factors Affecting Turnout Institution contexts (variation in registration laws, for example) affect turnout as well. Motor Voter Been in effect for close to 20 years Register to vote at the DMV Early Voting Sometimes 10-14 days prior to election Allows people the ability to vote in the election besides that Tuesday Hasn’t increased voting turnout very much Called In-person Absentee voting in Georgia Identification Photo Identification needed in order to vote Variations in Turnout Over Time Why has voter turnout declined over time? Extending the franchise to 18-20 year olds.
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2008 for the course POLS 1101 taught by Professor Cann during the Spring '08 term at UGA.

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Political Science Notes Exam 3 - Campaigns and Elections...

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