AP world first chapter - Term Definition Amon-Re(Aten and...

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Term: Amon-Re (Aten and Monotheism) Definition: Amon-Re also known as Amun-Ra was the principal god or deity of Thebes during the time of Egypt's New Kingdom. Because of Egypt's dominant influence in the world during that era, he was worshipped as a universal god. He was recognized as "King of Gods", which inspired a more monotheistic belief in Egypt where this single, powerful god was the main god to worship. He can be traced as the Egyptian sun god. The Aten also furthered monotheistic religious influence in Egypt. The Aten was developed during the reign of the Eighteenth Dynasty pharaoh, Akhenaten. King Akhenaten wanted to unite all the Egyptian peoples to worship a single worthy god, Aten, which took form as a solar disc with rays or the sun. This religious ideology was important because it was an attempt in shifting the Egyptian's polytheistic belief of worshipping many Gods into monotheism, the worship of a single god. The development of monotheism had huge effects on the religions of future civilizations like Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
Term: Ancestor Veneration Definition: This practice was extremely popular in China; it evolved in their culture and it's still around today. It came from the ideas of respect that were provided by Confucius and are ever present in modern-day Chinese culture. People believed that their ancestors were still conscious and aware of the actions of their offspring, after death. Therefore, people would pray and sacrifice to their ancestors out of respect and in order to ensure that they had a pleasant afterlife. After a funeral, the deceased may receive daily offerings of their favorite food or objects that help "feed their souls" and aid their journey to the underworld. At weddings and celebrations there were often elaborate ceremonies and rituals, honoring the ancestors that could not attend physically. Gaining wisdom and advice from their ancestors was also a common practice. Many would use oracle bones to connect and seek advice from the deceased. Ultimately, the practice of ancestor worship is symbolic of the respectful and venerating tendencies that seem inherent of Chinese culture, most likely from Confucian ideas.
Term: Aryans/Dravidians Definition: The Aryans were responsible for settling the first civilization in India around 1500 BCE. They were a nomadic, hunting and herding people from Southern Russia and Iran, and began the civilization once they settled down in India and started farming. The Dravidians were the people native to India, and the Aryans looked down upon them, and probably began the caste system as a means to separate themselves from the Dravidians
Term: Assyrians Definition: The Assyrians were a Semitic Akkadian civilization that was centered on the Upper Tigris river, in northern Mesopotamia between the late 25th/early 24th century BCE and 605 BCE.

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