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Running Head: POVERTY AND MENTAL ILLNESSPoverty and Mental IllnessInstitutionNameTutorCourseDate
Running Head: POVERTY AND MENTAL ILLNESSIt has been noted that the people with mental illnesses mostly lives in the chronic poverty especially the African Americans. Conversely, poverty can be depicted as a significant risk factorespecially to the poor physical as well as mental health. The relationship which has been found toexist between poverty and mental illness are perceived to be both straightforward and at the sametime complex. In this regards, Understanding this broader context can be presumed to be the key to addressing poverty which in turn will lead to the promotion of the mental health and most importantly supporting the recovery of persons with mental illness emanating from poverty. Poverty can be expressed as the lack of adequate income to provide for the basic requirements of an individual's life, and which are considered to be consistent with the norms of the society in which an individual dwells in. Poverty has been found to involve more than just the inadequacy in income since it also entails the exclusion of an individual from accessing an essential goods and services such as the meaningful employment which brings about decent earnings and most importantly the adequate and affordable housing. This will imply the safe neighborhoods with public amenities such as the health and well-being inclusive of the social networks and basic human rights will have opportunities to live a good life (Giffords & Garber, 2014).The measurement of poverty is mainly based on the individual’s incomes and their consumption levels. The people who are generally considered to be poor are those who’s consumption and their income levels fall below the poverty line. The poverty line is described as the minimum level which is deemed to be necessary for an individual to meet basic needs. Notably, poverty has been found to have significant implications for both physical health and mental health at the same time.
Running Head: POVERTY AND MENTAL ILLNESSThe gulf which exists between the poor and the rich is indubitably widening. Poverty has direct and indirect effects on the social as well as the mental and physical well-being of an individual. In this regards, it is very important to note that poverty and mental illnesses are closely linked. It is believed that poverty gives rise to psychosocial stress, which will indubitablylead to deteriorating mental health as well as to the higher mortality rates over time. However, it is also worth nothing that the association which exists between poverty and life expectancy is drastically declining and is no longer widely accepted. This implies that the individuals who livein communities where it is underdeveloped with regards to the social and physical infrastructure, as well as the experiences of poor health which in turn, will lead to higher mortality, especially for the lower socio-economic class.