Reading Guide Chapter 13.docx - Reading and Study Guide Chapter 13 What is the difference between an issue of fact value and policy A fact determines

Reading Guide Chapter 13.docx - Reading and Study Guide...

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Reading and Study GuideChapter 13What is the difference between an issue of fact, value and policy? -A fact- determines the truth-A value – speaker asks audience to concur with judgmentA policy- the speaker wants to adopt a planDefine and be able to apply the following terms: argument, claim, ground, warrant, qualifier, and rebuttal.-Argument- a reasoned position that someone presents as true.-Claim- a statement that you want someone to accept-Ground- formation of the argument-Warrant- connects the claim with the ground-Qualifier- limits the force of a statement-Rebuttal- offers a counter-argument or reveals when the claim does not hold.What is the difference between inductive and deductive reasoning?-Inductive reasoning turns specific statements into general ones.-Deductive reasoning turns general statements into specific ones.What is cognitive dissonance? -A feeling that drives us to resolve the apparent contradictionUnderstand fallacies and why speakers should avoid them during a presentation.**********************************************
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