Chapter 11_ The Crusades.pdf - Section 1 The Crusades 1000...

This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 24 pages.

Section 1: The Crusades 1000 AD. 650 years after the fall of the Roman Empire (1-31-18) Most of the population could not read or write. Medicine was based on superstition, and some herbal cures. Life was harsh and very short… And the English really did not like the French. The Cause of the 4 Major Christian Crusades All who die by the way, whether by land or by sea, or in battle against the (muslims), shall have immediate (forgiveness) of sins. Pope urban II, 1095 Do you think the Pope had this kind of authority? Not really, people just literally believed it. What were the Crusades and why did they occur? Were the Crusades a “Holy War” between the Christians and the Muslims? Yes Did the crusaders invaded the holy land to kill the Muslims? No The Hajj and Jerusalem have something in common. A Pilgrimage. Christians had traveled to Jerusalem for a thousand years to visit the Holy City. In the 11th century, however the Seljuk Turks, who were Muslim, began to interfere with these pilgrimages.
Thousands of Christians are murdered by the Turks. Pope Urban puts the Crusades in place to retake Jerusalem. Do you think that Religion was the driving force to join the Crusades? Is patriotism the driving force for someone to join the U.S. military?... Other Reasons? Adventure, paycheck, see the world, to find new opportunity outside of one’s hometown. Weren’t fully prepared supply wise such as food and clothing. Same thing with the Crusades. ^^ The Major Crusades 1096-1204 Review 1000’s Seljuk Turks- people from central Asia- take over Judea (palestine), Asia Minor and move toward Constantinople (Christian). Appeals for help reach Rome ( Pope urban II). Clermont France is chosen as a central meeting place for church leaders, and feudal nobles. ^^ Knights Templar (Documentary) (2-01-18) Purpose was to protect Christians on there way to the pilgrimage. Knights took vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience. They are now warrior monks. Pope urban Blesses the Crusade ( 2-02-18) Cruciate means marked with a cross
Adopted by all the Christian Nations Motivation for joining varied- Adventure, escape from poverty, a ticket to heaven, riches, faith. The People’s Crusade Following Pope Urban II meeting at clermont the first organized group left Europe to retake the Holy City. A Monk names Peter the Hermit traveled throughout France and spoke before a huge, supportive crowd. A Knight known as Walter the Penniless also shared the message of the Pope and gathered thousands of Christians. The People’s Crusade ( Peasant Crusade) Had Begun!!!!!!! 80,000 humans marched toward Judea But there was a small PROBLEM They had no military training or weapons.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture