Test 1 Outline

Test 1 Outline - o Western Traditions of Aesthetics Mimetic...

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o Western Traditions of Aesthetics Mimetic Focus on the relationship between the work of art and some material object in the sensible world which is “imitated,” either literally or idealized Greek and Roman art Pragmatic Emphasize the functional capacity Positive contribution to the well-being of individuals or society Emotionalist Focus on the psychological realm of inner experience and feelings of the individual Emphasis may be on artist’s expression of emotion, on cathartic purging of audience member’s emotions, or on the creative act itself Formalist Deals with the stylistic world manifested in the artwork Art for art’s sake Modern and abstract art o Visual elements Line Merely an extension of a point Basic symbol for recording and symbolizing ideas, observations, and feelings Primary means of communication Line variations Crosshatching Implied line o Suggest visual connections o Organizational structure Shape The expanse within the outline of a 2D area or within the outer boundaries of a 3D object Geometric shapes o Circles, triangles, squares, etc. Organic shapes o Irregular o Relaxed and more informal o Most shapes in nature are organic o Positive shapes Figures The subject or dominant shapes
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o Negative shapes Ground Background areas o Figure-ground reversal Mass 3D area When mass encloses space – volume Major element in sculpture and architecture Closed form – form that does not openly interact with the space around it Open form – interacts with surrounding space; suggests fragility Implied mass can be found in 2D art Use of curved lines and shading Space Architecture Implied depth o Spatial Depth Overlap Diminishing size Vertical Placement o Linear Perspective Vanishing point Horizon line Eye level One-point linear perspective Boxes, roads, etc. Two-point linear perspective Points to 2 points Vantage point – single fixed position o Atmospheric perspective Nonlinear means for giving an illusion of depth Blurry in the distance Lighter in the distance Isometric perspective Parallel lines stay parallel Rectangular planes are drawn as parallelograms Time and Motion Time o 4 th dimension
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o Implied time Same figure 3 times in one painting o Stopped time Photography o Manipulated time Motion pictures Motion o Implied motion Nude descending the staircase o Actual motion Things that are actually moving like mobiles Light Seeing light o Lincoln head example o Value (tone) – relative lightness and darkness of surfaces Implied light o Chiaroscuro The use of gradations of light and shade, in which forms are revealed by the subtle shifting from light to dark areas without sharp outlines Light as a Medium o Use of artificial light for art
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Test 1 Outline - o Western Traditions of Aesthetics Mimetic...

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