Cha 16 study guid

Cha 16 study guid - Term Definition Enlightenment The...

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Term: Enlightenment Definition: The eighteenth-century philosophical and cultural movement marked by the application of reason to human problems and affairs, a questioning of traditional beliefs and ideas, and an optimistic faith in unlimited progress for humanity, particularly through education. Term: Philosophes Definition: A group of European thinkers and writers who popularized the ideas of the enlightenment through essays, novels, pays and other works, hoping to change the climate of opinion and bring about social and political reform. Term: Deism Definition: A religion based on the idea that the universe was created by God and then left to run according to natural laws. Without divine interference; formulated and practiced in the eighteenth century.
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Term: Peitism Definition: A religious reform movement among German Lutherans, which stressed personal piety, along with support for social programs for the poor; part of the general religious ferment of western Europe in the late 1600s and early 1700s and a catalyst for the First Great Awakening in British Colonial America in the 1700s. Term: First Great Awakening Definition: The period of religious revivalism among Protestants that placed emphasis on a direct and personal relationship with God and undermined the traditional role an power of the established churches; centered mainly in the British American colonies during the 1730s and 1740s. Term: Physiocrats Definition: A group of writers, primarily French, who dealt with economic issues during the Enlightenment , in particular calling for improved agricultural productivity and questioning the state's role in economic affairs.
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Term: Rococo style Definition: An artistic and cultural style that grew our of the Baroque style but that was more intmate and personal and emphasized the frivolous and superficial side of aristocratic life. Term: Fete galante Definition: the theme or scene of aristocrats being entertained or simply enjoying their leisure or other worldly pleasures Term: Rocaille Definition: the stucco ornaments shaped like leaves, flowers, and ribbons that decorate walls or ceilings. Term: Neoclassical style Definition: Artistic and literacy movement that was a reaction to Rococo style - it sought inspiration from ancient Classicism - rejected emotionalism and practiced the ideas of balance, clarity of texture, non-programmatic works, and absolute music.
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Term: Style gallant - Definition: a style of music developed by French composers and characterized by graceful and simple melodies. Term: Pianoforte Definition: Soft/Loud. (From the Italian word, piano=soft, forte=loud Description of the two types of sounds emitted by a string instrument whose wires are struck with felt-covered hammers operated from a keyboard. Term: Classical style (music) Definition: 18th century style characterized by simplicity, proportion, and emphasized structure.
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