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Name ____Tailar Moses____Chapter 11: Disorders of Sex and Gender Prep Guide1.Define the following terms:A.Sexual Dysfunction:problems with their sexual responses. Robert, for example, had a dysfunction known as erectile disorder, a repeated failure to attain or maintain an erection during sexual activitya.Desire Phase: The phase of the sexual response cycle consisting of an urge to have sex, sexual fantasies, and sexual attraction.Two dysfunctions affect the desire phase—male hypoactive sexual desire disorder and female sexual interest/arousal disorder.1.Male Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder:A male dysfunction marked by a persistent reduction or lack of interest in sex and hence a low level of sexual activity. When they do have sex, their physical responses may be normal and they may enjoy the experience. While most cultures portray men as wanting all the sex they can get, as many as 18 percent of men worldwide have this disorder, and the number seeking therapy has increased during the past decade2.Female Sexual Interest/Arousal Disorder: A female dysfunction marked by a persistent reduction or lack of interest in sex, as well as, in some cases, limited excitement and few sexual sensations during sexual activity. This disorder cuts across both the desire and excitement phases of the sexual response cycle. It is considered a single disorder in DSM-5 because, per research, desire and arousal overlap particularly highly for women, and many women express difficulty distinguishing feelings of desire from those of arousal.b.Excitement Phase: The phase of the sexual response cycle marked by changes in the pelvic region, general physical arousal, and increases in heart rate, muscle tension, blood pressure, and rate ofbreathing.1.Erectile Disorder: Persistently fail to attain or maintain an erection during sexual activity.a.This problem occurs in as much as 25 percent of the male populationc. Orgasm Phase: The phase of the sexual response cycle during which a person’s sexual pleasure peaks and sexual tension is released as muscles in the pelvic region contract rhythmically. 1.Premature Ejaculation:A dysfunction in which a man persistently reaches orgasm and ejaculates within one minute of beginning sexual activity with a partner and before he wishes to.Also, called early or rapid ejaculation.a.30 percent of men worldwide ejaculate early at some timeb.Checklist Symptomsi.1. For at least 6 months, individual usually ejaculates within 1 minute of beginning sexwith a partner and earlier than he wants to. ii.2. Individual experiences significant distress.2.Delayed Ejaculation:A male dysfunction characterized by persistent inability to ejaculate or very delayed ejaculations during sexual activity with a partner.