Unit Two notes.docx - Unit Two Intellectual Change from...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 6 pages.

Unit Two: Intellectual Change from 15thto 17thCentury East Asia: China (Ming Empire) Zhu YuanzhangEmperor Honguwu founded Ming Empire 1368-1644 Zheng He’s first fleet 1405 to India oBrought new trade opportunites oSome Chinese weren’t pleased, seen as rival to their influence to end the trading oResulted in ending trade in 1433oDealth of Yongle in 1424 ended Chinese voyages and if not life would be very different (possibly controlled by Chinese rather than Europeans) Technology, gov. positions, populations, capital all decreased Xenophobia: strong distrust and even some fear of foreigners during Ming period1644: rebellion broke out vs. Manchus (Northeast of MAnchuvia) claiming power over China Japan12th- 16thcentury Japan was ruled by Shogunates civil wars controlled politics until 16thcentury odecentralization & internal warfare brought to end by military leaders who wanted peace and unityNobunaga (1534-1582) oBorn peasant, known for military skills o1580 most of Japan in his controlo1582 died from own general who turned on himburned temple he died in fireToyotome Hideyoshi (1536- 1598)oImpressive diplomatic skills oMaster of japan by 1950; but believed he could rule both China and India oLaunched two attacks on Korea, died in 1598 during 2ndattack Neither were successful Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543-1616) oEnded involvement in foreign countries o1603 titled Shogun from Emperor obrought peace to Japan ogreatest challenge: dealing with the Europeans omissionary efforts in Japan began orice used to pay samari (military nobility) warrior elietes into bureaucrats ocontrol until 1867 Francis Xavier lead the first missionary effort oHoped entire country would become Christian
oConverts were mostley farmers from southern and eastern regions of Japan Europemajor cultural and religious changes before and after 1500 – Renaissance and Reformation Reniassance: rebirth, refers to cultural achievements that occurred in Europe from 14th- 16thcenturies oInvolved looking back to Greeks and Romans to revive values in philosophy, sculpture, painting, architecture, and other areas. oBegan in Italy spread across EuropeLate middle ages Italy emerged as trade and banking center of Europe, both commercial and economic center of continent. Wealth to support the artists and philosophies of the Renaissance o1453 year it took offHundered Years Wat between England and France came to end Brought beach to Western Europe and allowed Ren to spread Ottoman Empire conquered city of Constaninople in 1453Greek scholars who lived there fled after ottomans captured city turned to Italy for partronage and protection Brought with them knowledge of Greek languade and philosophers oPlato and Aristotle

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture