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Culpepper McKenzie Culpepper Professor Edward F. “Ted” Butler HIST 1112 22 March 2018 The Enlightenment The Enlightenment was a period from the end of the 17 th century to the 18 th century where philosophers, scientists, politicians, and other great leaders inspired a new way of thinking that quickly spread across Europe. These ideas from individuals such as Voltaire, John Locke, Montesquieu, Jean Jacques Rousseau and many others and why some of the scientific processes, individual freedom, and justice systems we have today are in place. Until this time period many decisions were based on faith and traditions, and it was not until state and church were separated that knowledge was more respected. These ideas together changed the world today in various ways. Montesquieu was a nobleman, judge, in a French court and is known as one of the most influential political thinkers. His document The Spirit of the Laws from 1748 lays out his ideas of how government should be ran in a way that is similar to the United States today. He suggested that their should be “three sorts of power” being the legislative, the executive in respect to things depending on the law of nations, and the executive in respect to things that depend on the civil law. He goes on to explain how each branch should be ran, as well as by how many people. His

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