political parties - Test #2 February 7, 2008 Political...

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Test #2 February 7, 2008 Political Parties An organized effort to pursue common interests by winning elections and exercising the coercive power of government In the U.S., supply a “party identification” that helps them get elected Voters lack information, party ID serves as a “heuristic” device Parties in History Founders views: o Political parties not present in the Constitution o Distrusted the “mischief of factions” o Washington’s Farewell Address First party system o Jefferson’s “Republicans” (now Democrats) o Hamilton’s Federalists o Jefferson proclaims, “We are all Republicans, we are all Federalists.” Party Evolution Second Party System o Jacksonian Democrats (From Jefferson) o Whigs (Opposed Jackson) Civil War / Slavery o Republicans (Whigs) o Democrats (Jefferson) o Political Machines Modern Era (post-1932) o Direct Primary System o Civic Service Laws (Merit system) o Issue-oriented and candidate-centered campaigns (weaker partisanship)
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political parties - Test #2 February 7, 2008 Political...

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