100%(2)2 out of 2 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 18 pages.
Bohemian rhapsody-pentatonix Middle Ages(450-1450)h ●450 was the year the Roman Empire fell apart ●Called it medieval times - time setting of castles and fighting b ●Time of migrations, ybb ybb(drastic change ) , and war. ●The ●Late Middle Ages bb ●Cultural growth ●Lot of buildings of churches,monasteries and cathedrals ●Universities were not founded ●Crusades ●Music was distinguished through social class. ○(Rich) nobility ○Poorer ○(Clergy) lot of power and money ○Middle class ●Castles and Knights in shining armor . ●All areas of society had a powerful influence by church. ●Church is the center of life ●Most important musicians were priest and anyone who worked for church ●For centuries the only music they had was vocal and was only music written down ●Church singing was called Liturgical singing ●“Gregorian chant” was official music of church catholic ●Musical education in schools connected to church ●Young ladies were not allowed to sing in church but could sing in convents ○Hilbegard debingem-she became a saint in 2012. She was a key singer during this time. Her songs are still around ○She wrote theology and science ○She had visions ●They didn't like instruments they looked down on them becuSe they were related to pagan rights . ●Manuscripts didn't give tempo , dynamics , specific instrument name . Gregorian chant-melody set to sacred Latin text and didn't have an accompaniment.(monophonic) B ●Flexible rhythm ●No meter ●Little sense of beat ●Melodies are step wise not big jumps ●They didn't use scales but church ….
Alleluia - Gregorian chant (Gregorian chant ) “O successorshyhh”- hildegard debingem No more walks in the wood - Eagles Hole in the world - Eagles Vision - hildegard debingem A lot of secular Music was for dancing troubadours- Some of the ppl that went around singing were poet musicians.() Ex. Knights Love songs . Crusades songs , dance songs Estampe- 13th century dance . After 1150 ●Paris becomes center for music and art creativity ○Ppl use polyphonic music now ○No set rhythm or pitches ○Now they begin to use measured rhythm ○School of notre dame in Paris center for composers ■Leaders of the NDS ●perotin ●Leonin ○First to use measured rhythm ○Definitive time values and meters ○First time in history music starting writing definite pitches and rhythm ○They added triads toward the end of Middle Ages ○Polyphonic music is becoming fuller and richer ○MOST IMPORTSNT COMPOSER WAS MACHAut - ■Religious music ■Popular music ■Wrote a piece called mass ■Church began to decline in 14th century ■Composed courtly love songs ■“Since I am forgotten by you “- MACHAut ○Organum- added a second melody/line to Gregorian chant ●Five parts of mass
○Kyrie ○Gloria ○Credo ○Santus ○Ognus dei ●Renaissance (1450-1600) ○Musicians work in churches , towns , courts ○Music more polyphonic ○