Music appreciation Exam #2 notes .pdf - Bohemian...

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Bohemian rhapsody-pentatonix Middle Ages(450-1450)h 450 was the year the Roman Empire fell apart Called it medieval times - time setting of castles and fighting b Time of migrations, ybb ybb(drastic change ) , and war. The Late Middle Ages bb Cultural growth Lot of buildings of churches,monasteries and cathedrals Universities were not founded Crusades Music was distinguished through social class. (Rich) nobility Poorer (Clergy) lot of power and money Middle class Castles and Knights in shining armor . All areas of society had a powerful influence by church. Church is the center of life Most important musicians were priest and anyone who worked for church For centuries the only music they had was vocal and was only music written down Church singing was called Liturgical singing “Gregorian chant” was official music of church catholic Musical education in schools connected to church Young ladies were not allowed to sing in church but could sing in convents Hilbegard debingem-she became a saint in 2012. She was a key singer during this time. Her songs are still around She wrote theology and science She had visions They didn't like instruments they looked down on them becuSe they were related to pagan rights . Manuscripts didn't give tempo , dynamics , specific instrument name . Gregorian chant-melody set to sacred Latin text and didn't have an accompaniment.(monophonic) B Flexible rhythm No meter Little sense of beat Melodies are step wise not big jumps They didn't use scales but church ….
Alleluia - Gregorian chant (Gregorian chant ) “O successorshyhh”- hildegard debingem No more walks in the wood - Eagles Hole in the world - Eagles Vision - hildegard debingem A lot of secular Music was for dancing troubadours- Some of the ppl that went around singing were poet musicians.() Ex. Knights Love songs . Crusades songs , dance songs Estampe- 13th century dance . After 1150 Paris becomes center for music and art creativity Ppl use polyphonic music now No set rhythm or pitches Now they begin to use measured rhythm School of notre dame in Paris center for composers Leaders of the NDS perotin Leonin First to use measured rhythm Definitive time values and meters First time in history music starting writing definite pitches and rhythm They added triads toward the end of Middle Ages Polyphonic music is becoming fuller and richer MOST IMPORTSNT COMPOSER WAS MACHAut - Religious music Popular music Wrote a piece called mass Church began to decline in 14th century Composed courtly love songs “Since I am forgotten by you “- MACHAut Organum- added a second melody/line to Gregorian chant Five parts of mass
Kyrie Gloria Credo Santus Ognus dei Renaissance (1450-1600) Musicians work in churches , towns , courts Music more polyphonic

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