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Chapter 11&12 - Chapter 11 Deviance and Social Control...

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Chapter 11- Deviance and Social Control What is Deviance? o Recognized violation of cultural norms Norms vary in seriousness. Norms vary across groups. Norms vary across time. Norms vary between subcultures. Social Foundations of Deviance o Deviance varies according to cultural norms. o People become deviant as others define them that way. o Both rule-making and rule-breaking involve social power. Crime as Deviance o Crime- Violation of formally enacted criminal law o Social control- Attempts to regulate people’s thoughts and behaviors Criminal justice system Formal social control Nonsociological Theories of Deviance 0. Biological factors- Tries to link physical characteristics to crime 1. Personality factors- Unsuccessful socialization Structural-Functional Analysis o Durkheim (Suicide) Deviance tied to social norms, so outside of the individual Collective conscience Egoism- Not integrated into society Anomie- Normlessness o The functions of deviance Affirms cultural values and norms Clarifies moral boundaries Promotes social unity Encourages social change o Merton-Strain theory Strain between goals and means to achieve them Leads to crime Types of deviance Conformity Innovation Ritualism Retreatism Rebellion o Deviant Subcultures (Cloward and Ohlin) Criminal subcultures Conflict subcultures Retreatist subcultures Learning to Be Deviant o Becker’s study of marijuana use o Learning to smoke o Learning to perceive the effects o Learning to enjoy the effects Labeling Deviance: Symbolic-Interaction Analysis o
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