HIST 1020 - Exam 3 Notes.pdf - HIST 1020 Exam 3 Notes!1 02.27.2017 Post WWII 1 Scientific advances and environmental decline From WWII until the end of

HIST 1020 - Exam 3 Notes.pdf - HIST 1020 Exam 3 Notes!1...

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HIST 1020 - Exam 3 Notes102.27.2017 Post WWII: 1. Scientific advances and environmental decline From WWII until the end of the Soviet Union the major developments were Cold War Decolonization, or the collapse of empires Over 100 nations gained their independence After WWII, Europe is clearly not a dominant world power Two conflicting halves Rivalry emerged — The Cold War Lasted until November 9, 1989, the official last day of the Cold War, i.e., the day that the Berlin Wall fell The rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union ended (it is more difficult to date the origins of the Cold War) **KNOW THIS** Definition of Cold War Politics: Multiparty vs. single party East has one West has multiple Economics: Free enterprise and private property vs. command economy We are mixture of command economy and capitalism East - Command West - Capitalism - Money and labor are separate Lack of Fighting: Absence of a hot war (some exceptions) Curiously results in stability Stockpile of Weapons: Both sides could annihilate the other side Meanwhile… ** Post World War II: **ON EXAM** 1. Scientific Advances and Environmental Decline Sputnik, Atomic Energy, Jet Airplane, television, computers, AIDS; Rachel Carson, Silent Spring, DDT 2. A Global Economy - Rich and Poor Nations Competing
HIST 1020 - Exam 3 Notes2Organization for Petroleum Exporting Countries, disparity of income, famine, fast food restaurants 3. Society and Politics - Rebellions and Conflicting Ideologies Growing rebellion, women demanding equal rights, average life expectancy, dissatisfied ethnic and cultural minorities, religion and politics 4. Internal Relations - Collapsing Empires and the Cold War Decolonization, NATO, United Nations, Wars 5. Religion and Culture - Changes to Traditional Belief Continued challenge to traditional beliefs, secularism, and cultural pluralism Scientific Advances and Environmental Decline: Sputnik Robert Oppenheimer Panatomic Canal Television Rachel Carson Silent Spring DDT Laika - First dog in space Robert Oppenheimer Pan-Atomic Canal (aka Operation Plowshare aka Peaceful Nuclear Explosions) - Scientific advances/environmental decline - Using nuclear weapons, putting all kids of radiation into the air… Television - Scientific advancement Networks are up and running Post World War II - Scientific advancement Can use credit to buy television Rachel Carson - Mother of modern environmental movement Wrote Silent Spring- **ON EXAM** Biologist Friend says to her that she doesn’t hear the birds in the morning Chemicals in DDT, through a process of biomagnification, is weakening bird shells DDT - Herbicide and pesticide Hurst mockingbirds Dioxin —> Caused environmental decline —> Bald eagles are in danger —> pesticide Agent Orange - Pesticide Three Mile Island - Environmental decline - “China Syndrome” - Nuclear power plant was going to melt - “Was going to melt to China”
HIST 1020 - Exam 3 Notes3A Global Economy Rich and Poor Nations Competing - Environmental Decline: Disparity of income 1960, the income of the poorest 1/5 of the world’s population was 30 times less than the top 1/5

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