untuk impact develop tourism.pdf - ISSN 2029-9370 Regional...

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ISSN 2029-9370. REGIONAL FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT STUDIES, No. 3 (8) 157 SUSTAINABLE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT I wona n IedzIółka 1 Alcide De Gasperi University of Euroregional Economy in Józefów (Poland) ABSTRACT The article presents the main ideas of sustainable tourism – new form of tourism promoted by authorities, environmental and social institutions and international organizations. It implies taking into account economic, environmental, and socio-cultural aspect by planning and management of tourism. The article presents historical background of the idea of sustainability and main international events concerning this topic. The author highlights negative effects of tourism that can be prevented by applying the principles of sustainable development. KEYWORDS: sustainable tourism, responsible tourism, ecotourism. JEL CODES: L830, Q010 Introduction Sustainability is a popular trend in nowadays life, concerning development and operation, also in tou- rism sector. However, there is confusion about the different meanings of sustainability and whether it can be achieved in tourism. Therefore a problem arises: does sustainable development apply to tourism? The purpo- se of this paper is to reveal the necessity of sustainable development in tourism due to limited resources and significant concern about environment that are to be used by future generations. The object of this article is to present sustainable tourism: concept, definition and historical background. Moreover, the author presents its own critical view on the sustainable tourism development in Poland – current situation and the need for change. The tasks arising from the purpose are as following: to present economic aspect, environmental aspect and socio-cultural aspect influencing sustainable tourism. Monographic and descriptive method was applied in the paper. It is worth emphasizing that there is a large number of American and English literature on the topic. Sustainable tourism is a term often explained, described and used in Western tourism handbo- oks, sometimes even as a separate publication. However, there is not much literature in Polish publications. It may be due to low level of development of tourism sector in Poland as a science on tourism is rather young and not well developed yet. The other reason may be little interest in the issue of sustainability among touris- tic facility management. Most of Polish literature base on foreign bibliography and international documents introducing sustainability principles. 1. Legislation and historical background Rapid socio-economic development based on the use of natural resources such as space, mineral resour- ces and water degraded environment to such an extent that it became necessary to revise rules for the use of 1 Iwona Niedziółka – M.A. Alcide De Gasperi University of Euroregional Economy in Józefów (Poland). Scientific interest: tour - ism law, European law, customer and competition protection.
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  • Fall '16
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  • The Land, Sustainable Tourism

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