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GOV 312L � Third Day

GOV 312L � Third Day - GOV 312L Third Day Spain...

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GOV 312L – Third Day
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Spain thought Texas was worthless until France seemed to make an advance.  Americans believed boundary was the Rio Grande but that was absurd.  Neutral  Ground Act of 1806 makes boundary between Americans and Spanish.  Filibusters are Americans who wander into Spanish lands.  Spain thought they  were agents of the U.S. government.  Criollos were kept out of most important  statuses and they were pissed.  So they made a plan to take over the  government peacefully but the peninsulares found out before it happened.  Hidalgo was responsible for this plan and it turned out not to be so peaceful.  He  put together lots of peasants and Indians into an army and took his peasant army  all over Texas taking over places.  Criollos wanted nice, conservative takeover of  the government and now they see an army of peasants reeking havoc.  Hidalgo  had the chance to take over Mexico City but went to Guadalahare and were  defeated.  They tried to make it back to Texas but were caught and killed.  What  was intended to be conservative became ruthless and ended in 1818.  But it  didn’t really end there.  There was a brief takeover of San Antonio by followers of  Hidalgo, didn’t last long though.  Gutierrez-Magee Expedition occurred when they  entered Texas with Republican Army of the North and captured La Bahia, San  Antonio.  This led to the first Declaration of Independence from Spain.  This  started a disagreement between the Mexicans and Americans in the expedition.  Mexicans wanted independence and Americans wanted Texas to be a state.  Spanish government organized an army of about 2000 soldiers under Arredondo. 
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