Anatomy and Physiology Quizlet Flash Cards.docx

Anatomy and Physiology Quizlet Flash Cards.docx - Anatomy...

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Anatomy and Physiology Quizlet Flash Cards By: Hannah Fetgatter What two languages are anatomy and physiology terms derived from? Greek and Latin What is the study of structure called (two names)? Anatomy and Morphology What is the study of function called? Physiology What makes function possible? Structure What are the nine levels of organization (for living things)? Atoms Molecules Macromolecules Organelle Cell Tissue Organ Organ System Organism What is the body's maintenance of a stable internal environment called? Homeostasis When the body is facing forward, with legs shoulder length apart, palms facing up, and limbs at the side, it is called... (two names) Anatomical Position and Relative Position What is the anatomical term for above? Superior What is the anatomical term for below? Inferior What are the two anatomical terms for toward the front? Anterior and Ventral What are the two anatomical terms for toward the back? Posterior and Dorsal
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What is the anatomical term for closer to the midline of the body (heart)? Medial What is the anatomical term for closer to the sides of the body (arms)? Lateral What is the anatomical term for organs that are on the same side of the body? Ipsilateral What is the anatomical term for organs that are on opposite sides of the body? Contralateral What is the anatomical term for closer to a specific point? Proximal What is the anatomical term for further away from a specific point? Distal What are the two anatomical terms for closer to the surface of the body? Superficial and Peripheral What is the anatomical term for more internal? Deep BODY SECTION CUTS: What is the lengthwise cut that divides the body into left and right portions? Sagital BODY SECTION CUTS: What is the MIDDLE lengthwise cut that divides the body into equal left and right portions? Mid-sagital BODY SECTION CUTS: What is the cut that divides the body into superior and inferior portions? Transverse BODY SECTION CUTS: What are the two names for the cut that divides the body into anterior and posterior portions? Coronal and Frontal ORGAN SECTION CUTS: What is a cut across a cylindrical organ called? Cross Section ORGAN SECTION CUTS: What is an angular cut of a cylindrical organ called? Oblique Section
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ORGAN SECTION CUTS: What is a lengthwise cut of a cylindrical organ called? Longitudinal Section NINE BODY REGIONS: ---------------------- I X I I X I ---------------------- I I I I ---------------------- I I I I ---------------------- *Remember that Right/Left are reversed due to anatomical position Right/Left Hypochondrial region NINE BODY REGIONS: ---------------------- I I X I I ---------------------- I I I I ---------------------- I I I I ---------------------- *Remember that Right/Left are reversed due to anatomical position Epi-gastric region NINE BODY REGIONS: ----------------------
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I I I I ---------------------- I X I I X I ---------------------- I I I I ---------------------- *Remember that Right/Left are reversed due to anatomical position Right/Left Lumbar region NINE BODY REGIONS: ---------------------- I I I I ---------------------- I I X I I ---------------------- I I I I ---------------------- *Remember that Right/Left are reversed due to anatomical position Umbilical region NINE BODY REGIONS: ---------------------- I I I I ---------------------- I I I I ---------------------- I X I I X I ---------------------- *Remember that Right/Left are reversed due to anatomical position Right/Left Iliac region NINE BODY REGIONS: ----------------------
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I I I I ---------------------- I I I I ---------------------- I
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