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Week2

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Psych 129C Week 2-Assessment Denise Chavira
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Beyond Categories ! Acculturation ! Ethnic Identity ! Perceived Discrimination ! Racialization ! Language proficiency ! Worldviews ! Collectivism vs. individualism ! Values ! Intergenerational conflict
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Impact of Discrimination ! Most Black youth perceive at least 1 discriminatory incident, moreso among males ! linked to depressive symptoms and self esteem and life satisfaction (Seaton et al., 2008) ! Discrimination associated with greater odds of serious psychological distress regardless of attribution (racial/non-racial) ! High racial group identification buffered the negative effect of moderate levels discrimination (Chae et al., 2011) ! Asian Americans who reported unfair treatment had higher odds of alcohol abuse/dependence. ! Low EI and racial discrimination associated with alcohol use (Chae et al,., 2008) ! Female gender, family conflict, perceived discrimination and lifetime depressive and anxiety were correlated with suicidal ideation and attempts (Cheng et al,., 2010)
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Acculturation ! Sociocultural process in which members of one cultural group adopt the beliefs and behaviors of another group (Hazuda, et al., 1988) ! Unidimensional vs. multidimensional ! Static vs continuous
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Models of acculturation ! 2-step process; Cultural assimilation and social assimilation (Gordon, 1978) ! Berry (1997) two factor model; Acculturated and enculturated ! Separate (from host country), assimilated, integrated, marginalized
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Models of Acculturation ! Unidimensional-2-step process; Cultural assimilation and social assimilation (Gordon, 1978) ! Two-factor orthogonal approach (Oetting and Beauvais (1991) ! Identify with mainstream ! Identify with ethnic culture ! Berry (1997) two factor model; Acculturated and enculturated ! Separate (from host country), assimilated, integrated, marginalized High new culture affiliation Low new culture affiliation High Origin culture affiliation Integrated Separate Low Origin culture affiliation Assimilated Marginalize d
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Multidimensional ! Attitudes (gender roles) ! Behaviors (language use) ! Values (familism) ! A process of change
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Acculturation is more than ! Language use ! US-born vs. foreign born ! Generation level
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Context as important moderator of acculturation ! Place of residence ! Size and form of family unit ! School system ! Cultural features of neighborhood ! Presence of racial or ethnic discrimination ! Social networks
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Other important considerations ! Differential rates of acculturation across generations ! Heterogeneity within groups ! Acculturation for multiethnic racial individuals
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The Immigrant Paradox “Immigrant Paradox” (Vega et al., 1998; Escobar,, 2000) ! Immigrants, despite obstacles, have better physical and mental health than their more acculturated counterparts (25% any psychiatric disorder vs. 45% in US born Mexicans)
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