SG 2.docx - Aristotle and the importance of Poetics o...

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Aristotle and the importance of Poetics o Poetry is mimetic because it creates a representation of objects and events that are in the real world, which is different from philosophy (ideas). o Humans are drawn to imitation and poetry has a strong pull on us. o It can be a learning device o Observe imitation of things that in the real world would disturb us o Tragedy – lofty matters 7 characteristics Mimetic Serious Story of appropriate length Rhythm and harmony ^ occurs in different combinations in diff parts Performed Arouses feelings of pity and fear and the purges them through catharsis 6 parts Plot – beginning, middle, and end that follow logically. Unified (tied together). This unity allows tragedy to express themes. Character Thought Diction Melody Spectacle Classification of knowledge o Theoretical Physics Mathematics First philosophy Gaining knowledge and the truth No other purpose than knowledge itself o Practical Deals with more than knowledge Practice and production Econ Ethics Politics Poetics Metaphysics o Four causes theory Material cause – what it is made of Marble in statue
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Efficient cause – what actually makes it Hammer and chisel make the statue Formal cause – what gives it its shape Final cause – what is the ultimate reason for all Telos – final, purpose o You can see in this table the combo of all four causes o Potentiality – we want something we don’t have but it exist Potential to develop to a further point in the process of change o Actuality – we have something we want Natural entity is a certain point in the process of change Ethics of virtue o Positive trait that Aristotle defines as the Golden Mean Balance between two vices Ex) eat moderately Social and political ideas o Purpose of government is to allow citizens to live full and happy lives o Enabling a state Make it possible for citizens to reach full potential and happiness o
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