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Unformatted text preview: 144 Review Sheet 9 6. "tail bone"; vestigial fused vertebrae . . ' ‘ ' ' I 7. supports the head; allows a rocking motion In conlU”Ct'°" W'th the occmlta condyles 11. Using the key. correctly identify the vertebral parts/areas described below. (More than °"e °h°i°e may apply In some cases.) Also use the key letters to correctly identify the vertebral areas in the diagram- Key: a. body d. pedicle g. transverse process b. intervertebral foramina et spinous process h. vertebral arch c. lamina f. superior articular facet i. vertebralforamen cavity enclosing the spinal cord weight-bearing portion of the vertebra provide levers against which muscles pull provide an articulation point for the ribs openings providing for exit of spinal nerves structures that form an enclosure for the spinal cord structures that form the vertebral arch 12. Describe how a spinal nerve exits from the vertebral column. 13. Name two factors/structures that permit flexibility of the vertebral column. and 14. What kind of tissue makes up the intervertebral discs? 15. What is a herniated disc? What problems might it cause? 16. Which two spinal curvatures are obvious at birth? and ‘— Under what conditions do the secondary curvatures develop? K— ...
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