This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.
This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: Wednesday, November 07, 2007 Revivals and Reform • Varieties of American Religion o Unitarianism—Urban New England were more dissatisfied with Calvinism • Calvinism depended on the theory of predestination William Ellery Channing was the most prominent preacher and one of Unitarianism’s leading theologians o Mormonism/Church of Latter Day Saints: Joseph Smith was an unsuccessful farmer in New York and began to tell his family that he saw an angel Was able to translate writing on golden plates Plates were a new scripture; a supplement to the Jewish Bible Ancient Christian civilization in America visited by Jesus; had fallen apart Dreamed of a greater Christian civilization in America Ideas turned into the Mormon Church Followers were subject to persecution and eventually fled to Utah in 1840 o Transcendentalism (prominent in 1830s-1840s) Group of new ideas in literature, culture, and religion in New England Belief in an ideal spiritual state that 'transcends' the physical and empirical and is only realized through the individual's intuition, rather than through the doctrines of established...
View Full Document