11.7 Revivals and Reform - Wednesday Revivals and Reform Varieties of American Religion o Unitarianism-Urban New England were more dissatisfied with

11.7 Revivals and Reform - Wednesday Revivals and Reform...

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Wednesday, November 07, 2007 Revivals and Reform Varieties of American Religion o Unitarianism—Urban New England were more dissatisfied with Calvinism Calvinism depended on the theory of predestination William Ellery Channing was the most prominent preacher and one of Unitarianism’s leading  theologians o Mormonism/Church of Latter Day Saints: Joseph Smith was an unsuccessful farmer in New York  and began to tell his family that he saw an angel Was able to translate writing on golden plates Plates were a new scripture; a supplement to the Jewish Bible Ancient Christian civilization in America visited by Jesus; had fallen apart Dreamed of a greater Christian civilization in America Ideas turned into the Mormon Church Followers were subject to persecution and eventually fled to Utah in 1840 o Transcendentalism (prominent in 1830s-1840s) Group of new ideas in literature, culture, and religion in New England Belief in an ideal spiritual state that 'transcends' the physical and empirical and is only 

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