IAS 45: Survey of World History - Identify the institution...

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Saturday, April 4, 2015 WTWA Chapter 17: Nations and Empires (1850-1914) IAS 45: Survey of World History - Identify the institution that enabled elites in western Europe, the Americas, and Japan to consolidate nation-states, and analyze the degree to which they succeeded during this period.
- Defining “The Nation” Cultural changes laid the foundations of the nation. - Increasingly literate urban populations met in coffee houses and other public places to discuss the issues of the day. Their collective debates — public opinion — weighed for the first time on the decisions of kings and statesmen. 1
Saturday, April 4, 2015 - During the 19th c. a huge expansion of the periodical press made it possible for people all across Europe to read books and newspapers in their own languages. - The emerging industrial economy made merchants anxious to standardize laws, taxation policies, and weights and measures. - States invested huge sums in building roads and then railroads — and these linked provincial towns and bigger cities, laying the foundations for a closer political integration. For some, the nation was a collection of all those who spoke 1 language; for others, it was all those who lived in a certain territory and who shared a common religious heritage.

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