12-Physics-NcertSolutions-chapter-14-exercises (2).pdf

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( ) Free web support in Education 1 Exercises Question 14.1: In an n-type silicon, which of the following statement is true: (a) Electrons are majority carriers and trivalent atoms are the dopants. (b) Electrons are minority carriers and pentavalent atoms are the dopants. (c) Holes are minority carriers and pentavalent atoms are the dopants. (d) Holes are majority carriers and trivalent atoms are the dopants. Answer The correct statement is (c). In an n-type silicon, the electrons are the majority carriers, while the holes are the minority carriers. An n-type semiconductor is obtained when pentavalent atoms, such as phosphorus, are doped in silicon atoms. Question 14.2: Which of the statements given in Exercise 14.1 is true for p-type semiconductors. Answer The correct statement is (d). In a p-type semiconductor, the holes are the majority carriers, while the electrons are the minority carriers. A p-type semiconductor is obtained when trivalent atoms, such as aluminium, are doped in silicon atoms. Question 14.3: Carbon, silicon and germanium have four valence electrons each. These are characterised by valence and conduction bands separated by energy band gap respectively equal to (E g ) C , (E g ) Si and (E g ) Ge . Which of the following statements is true? (a) (E g ) Si < (E g ) Ge < (E g ) C (b) (E g ) C < (E g ) Ge > (E g ) Si (c) (E g ) C > (E g ) Si > (E g ) Ge (d) (E g ) C = (E g ) Si = (E g ) Ge Answer The correct statement is (c).
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( ) Free web support in Education 2 Of the three given elements, the energy band gap of carbon is the maximum and that of germanium is the least.
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