grammarwritinghandbook.doc - Grammar and Writing Common...

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Grammar and Writing: Common Mistakes and Some Good Advice PART 1 Commonly Misspelled and/or misused homonyms (homonyms are words that sound alike but mean different things) allowed, aloud Allowed: past to tense of the verb to allow. I am not allowed to go out tonight. Aloud: an adverb describing sounds or speech that are audible. Read the chapter aloud so that we all can hear you. are, our Are: a verb for plural nouns. The books are on the table. “Books” is a plural noun. Our: a possessive pronoun, used to designate possession of something. Our books are on the table. Cite, sight, site Cite: to make reference to the authority from which you received information. You must cite references in a research paper. Sight: the sense of being able to see or something that is seen. Niagara Falls is a beautiful sight . Site: a location. The web site on the new archaeological site in Afghanistan is very interesting. Good, well Good: an adjective, used to modify a noun. This is a good example of a landslide. Well: an adverb, used to modify a verb or adjective. I hope that you do well on your test. Hear, here Hear: to register in your brain an audible noise. You can sometimes hear other classes through the walls of these classrooms. Here: a word indicating place or location. It is hot in here . Its, it’s Its: a possessive pronoun, used to designate possession of something. The car lost its muffler on the way home today. It’s: a contraction of it and is. It’s ( it is ) too bad that the car lost its muffler. Sweet, suite Sweet: refers to a pleasant taste, smell, or sensation, commonly associated with sugar. Desserts are usually very sweet because the contain a large amount of sugar. Suite: a series of something that goes together or is intimately linked. Families often rent a suite of rooms for long vacations so everyone can have a sense of privacy.
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their, they’re, there Their: a possessive pronoun, used to designate possession of something. That is their car. They’re: a contraction of they and are. They’re ( they are ) getting into their car which is over there . There: denotes place or position. The car is over there . There is their car. To, too, two To: a preposition or used with the infinitive form of a verb (to go). I need to go to the store. Too: also, in addition. I need to go to the bank, too . Usually too is preceded by a comma. Two: a whole number, following one and before three. I need to go to the store to purchase two loaves of bread. who’s, whose Who’s: a contraction of who and is. Who’s ( who is ) going with me? Whose: a possessive pronoun, used to designate possession of something. Whose books are these? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- PART 2 Commonly misused words and phrases effect, affect Effect: usually a noun, a consequence of something. The effect of good attendance is good grades.
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