Cultural tourism (Autosaved).docx - Cultural tourism...

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Cultural tourism Cultural tourism entails the engagement of a traveller or tourist with a specific destination is dependent on the area’s culture. Specifically, Culture involves the religion, lifestyle, their art and architecture, the people’s history and any other factor that influence the lifestyle of the locals. According to the World Trade Organisation, cultural tourism makes up 37% of global tourism while it potential for growth is 15%(Jelincic & Mansfield,2017).As a result of these prospects, tourist destinations are striving to leverage on what makes their societies unique while developing on tourism programs that are based to culture. Cultural tourism enables travellers to be immersed in routines and rituals that are undertaken by the locals, who not only take away artefacts and photos, but also shared memories derived from unique experiences. For a tourist destination, it enables the locals to respect and embrace their culture while boosting their local and national economies. By developing program that are focused on culture, destinations get an opportunity of promoting and celebrating what distinguishes their communities, creating a platform for authentic cultural exchange between the visitors and the locals. The paper, whose aim is to analyse cultural tourism, focuses on factors affecting it and its special features, its typology, its different types and its role in the global arena. Factors affecting cultural tourism and its special features There are several factors that differentiate the development of cultural tourism and these are cultural values, the specific character of tourist needs and tourist product. Specific characteristics of tourist needs Cultural tourism strives to satisfies specific needs of tourists that are objective in nature and occur in certain stage of the society’s socio-economic development that correspond with lifestyle changes. They can be described as set of requirement that are geared towards improving and restoring human personality through the trips that are undertaken by the tourists(Jureniene,2016). Cultural values Cultural values are vital for the development of cultural tourism. They are a set of phenomena ands objectives whose emotional and cognitive effects are aimed at the satisfaction of the cultural needs of tourists. Cultural needs can be positioned into several categories(Hall & Lew,2012). The first category includes the historical and cultural monuments and sites such as archaeological sites, churches and monasteries, museums and ethnographic monuments, and architectural components(Duhme,2012). The second category is the works of art, which are tangible cultural values that are portable and include sculpture, costumes, works of painting, literature, embroidery, folk crafts, cult objects, a collection of art, and masterpieces of cinema(Jelincic & Mansfield,2017).
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The third category is the episodic and periodic events which include congresses, celebrations, festivals, fairs and shows(Labadi,2008).
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