Sun Zi - Synd 1_CAA 24 Apr 2300hrs.pptx

Sun Zi - Synd 1_CAA 24 Apr 2300hrs.pptx - Applications of...

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1/35 Applications of Sun Zi Bing Fa The Malayan Emergency Presentation by Syndicate 1
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2/35 “rare model of an insurgency defeated by the state , and as such ‘the’ paradigm for successive COIN operation” – Dr Ong Wei Chong, 2015 The Malayan Emergency (1948- 1960) Gerald Templer winning “Hearts and Minds” in Malaya US COIN Forces winning “Hearts and Minds” in Afghanistan
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3/35 Presentation Scope 5 Key Success Factors of the Malayan Counterinsurgency (COIN) 1. Gerald Templer – Generalship 将孰有能 2. Shaping the Enemy 天地孰得 3. Locals – Winning Hearts and Minds 令民以上同 4. Intelligence – Foreknowledge 先知 5. Granting Independence – Strategic Attack 谋攻
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4/35 “ 将孰有能” Generalship
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5/35 Gerald Templer, High Commisioner of Malaya 1952 - 1954 “ 将孰有能?” “Which general is more able and has greater abilities and skills?” “Templer was able to inject urgency and energy into the campaign” – Richard Stubbs, historian “ 故知胜有五:知可以战与不可以战者 ; 上下同欲者胜 ; 以虞待不虞者胜 识众寡之用者胜; 将能而君不御者 胜。” 5 ways to win: 1. Know when to engage in Battle 2. Able to unite in common purpose 3. Be proactive and prepared 4. Know how to use force 5. Apply mission command
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6/35 “ 知可以战与不可以战者胜 ;” “He who knows when he can engage in battle and when not to do so will win.” “This business is only 25% shooting and 75% getting the people of this country behind us” - Templer Gerald Templer visiting the New Villages 1. Know When to Engage in Battle
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7/35 “ 上下同欲者胜 ;” “He who is able to unite himself with his officers and men as one mind, spirit and purpose will win.” “Business of the civil government and business of the insurgency are completely and utterly interrelated” - Templer oint Operational Planning between Police and Armed Forces 2. Able to Unite in Common Purpose
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8/35 “ 以虞待不虞者胜。” “He who is proactive and well-prepared and awaits his unprepared enemy will win.” “By combining the post of Director of Operations and High Commissioner, he enjoyed unprecedented power” “Tail-end of the Korean war boom in commodity prices funded welfare in the new villages and rewards policies” “Cultivating the Chinese and sponsoring elections reduced the support base of the MCP” – Simon Smith, Historian 3. Be Proactive and Prepared
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9/35 “ 天地孰得”
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