micro bio paper.rtf - Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome(HPS is...

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Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) is a recently discovered virus in the southwestern United States with rodents being the primary host of HPS. The virus effects the lungs and is hard to diagnose without laboratory results. HPS causes extreme pulmonary distress and has a very high mortality rate. Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) was first diagnosed in the four corners area of the United States in 1993. Indian Health Services (IHS) detected the first case in New Mexico, where a young healthy Navajo couple suffered from rapidly progressive pulmonary edema and died within the same week. Indian Health Services (IHS) reported the deaths, and The New Mexico Office of Medical Investigations (OMI) launched an investigation of the Four Corners region looking for similar cases. Within a couple of hours IHS and OMI discovered five similar deaths from acute respiratory failure. The common link in all cases was the exposure to rodents. Broad-based laboratory tests did not match any known disease. The CDC, state health departments of the Four
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