Discussion 8.docx - Chapter on the Formation of New Nations...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

Chapter on the Formation of New Nations for Discussion Sections 1. What were the challenges the independent Latin American countries faced in creating national unity out of a multicultural past? Nation building was difficult because of the prevalence of racist ideas throughout the Western World at the time. The region’s hierarchies of race and class were resistant to the transformation. The patronage politics of Caudillismo allowed talented mestizos to get ahead, but slavery continued in several places. A sturdy nation state required a positive national identity. Powerful men committed to excluding slavery from equality and scientific racism become a common rationale. This conflict helped to explain the chronic political instability of the region during the 1800’s. It was expected that the entire national populations would gradually “whiten” over the generations. However, this was racist, wishful thinking. 2. For Sarmiento, what defined the “civilized” and “barbarous” in the mid 19 th century and what was the solution to become a civilized country? “Civilized” referred to imported European civilization, while “Barbarbous” referred to Native American barbarism. However, indirectly, it was expressed as a racial dichotomy. For Sarmeniento, Argentine civilizations were defined by the
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.
  • Fall '09
  • SCARDAVILLE
  • Latin American countries, sturdy nation state, positive national identity

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern