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Discussion 9.docx - Chapter on Nationalism for Discussion...

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Chapter on Nationalism for Discussion Sections 1. In contrast to last week's readings, what is different about how Latin Americans defined their national identity in the early 20 th century according to the chapter? According to this chapter, Latin Americans define their national identity in the early 20 th century as being skeptical of foreign investment and enterprise. They believed that investment and enterprise in their countries amounted to “economic imperialism,” which exploited rather than assisted in developing the regions potential. Nationalists at the time repudiated scientific racism, which resulted in overcoming Latin America’s chronic inferiority complex, the nation- builders’ old dilemma. This differs from last week’s reading where scientific racism became very common. It played a major role in the formation of the new, independent countries in Latin America. 2. Who and what aspects of Latin American culture were offered as the "good" and "bad" examples for nationalism and national identity? Gilberto Freyre was one of the leading spokesmen for the new nationalist vision of racial amalgamation. Freyre presented racial mixing not as a hope of whitening but as a favorable biological and cultural adaptation. He presented it as the key to positive Latin American identities. Mobility and a disposition to mix
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