Discussion 6.docx - Chapter by Ann Twinam on Whiteness for...

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Chapter by Ann Twinam on Whiteness for Discussion Sections 1. Explain the process of how and why “whiteness” could be purchased to alter ones rank and heritage in Latin America? Since the monarch was superior to positive law, he had to power to change a person’s public and legal persona. Petitioners purchasing had to first provide documentation of their birth, evidence of their service to the king, and letters of reference, and recommendations from distinguished citizens. This was then forward to royal officials. The pack arrived at the Council of the Indies, which it was then sent to the Camara of the Indies (elite group that handled issues of patronage). Within the Camara, attorneys summarized the submitted documentation. If the Camara’s verdict was favorable it was forwarded to the Minister of the Indies and the monarch who gave final approval. However, in Pedro’s case he went a step further and engaged an apoderado, a legal representative in Spain, to keep him informed of developments. In the case of whitening, it was a fixed price for quinterones of 800 reales, whill the darker skinned pardos paid lesser 500 reales. For the purchase of the title “don,” which carried the assumption of a white, legitimate, and person of honor it was 1,000. It provided another avenue to advance socially for those racially mixed; those who received it were automatically considered a white person of honor.
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