18 Spring Week Ten outline (1).doc

18 Spring Week Ten outline (1).doc - Week Ten Outline...

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Week Ten Outline History 431 Terms: Orientalists, Thuggee, extraterritoriality, co-hong system, Treaty of Nanjing, Sierra Leone Company, Khedive, Berlin Conference, Paul Kruger, Transvaal, Cecil Rhodes Theories of Imperialism East India Company Review early history Late 18 th century - Parliament concerned about corruption of EIC officials, abuse of local population Government by “orientalists” in late 18 th century, such as Hastongs use of Sanskrit, local laws, including Islamic law Shift to “Anglicizing” Government in 19 th century Driven by evangelical concerns, missionary involvement in India after 1813 Abolish abuses like suttee (widow-burning) and thuggee (criminal tribes) Trying to turn Indians into Englishmen EIC loses trade monopoly in 1813 The Mutiny/Rebellion Importance of the Indian army to Britain’s empire Fear of religious defilement, resentment over taxes Atrocities on both sides Leads to heightened racial animosity, formal incorporation of India as British colony China In the late 18 th century, Britain faces balance of trade problems with China (how to pay for all the tea they are buying), dislike the co-hong system which limits their trade to a select group of merchants, forces them to stay in Canton Decide to sell opium (which is illegal in China) to make up their balance
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