TE 6-1 notes.docx - CH 6 Launching the New Nation Section 1...

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CH 6 Launching the New Nation Section 1 Washington Heads the New Government Americans saw George Washington as an honest man and a hero of the Revolution. Many Americans wanted him to be president even though he had planned on living a quiet life on his Virginia Farm with Martha Washington. First Presidential election Each member of the electoral college, “electors” wrote down two names. The person with the most votes became president - George Washington every action as president would set a precedent — an example that would become standard practice. The person with the 2nd highest votes became the vice-president - John Adams The New Government Takes Shape To create a court system, Congress passed the Judiciary Act of 1789 which established a national (federal) court system. (Constitution created the Supreme Court) 3 circuit (court of appeals), 13 district courts This law also allowed state court decisions to be appealed to a federal court when constitutional issues were raised. ● also gave the Supreme Court six members: a chief justice, or judge, and five associate justices. Over time, that number has grown to nine. Washington shapes the Executive Branch The Constitution gave Congress the task of creating departments to help the president lead the nation. The president had the power to appoint the heads of these departments, who were to assist the president with the many issues and problems he had to face.
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  • Winter '18
  • George Washington, Supreme Court of the United States, President of the United States, Washington, D.C., The Americans CH 6

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