CTE Homework Module 2.pdf

CTE Homework Module 2.pdf - Module 02 Quantum Information...

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Module 02: Quantum Information Processing and Genetic Engineering Assignment Total Point Value = 30 Due by midnight on the last day of Module 2 This should be submitted to Blackboard as a pdf. 1. Please compare the structures and functions of DNA and RNA. Explain how the structures of these molecules facilitate their required functions within the cell. Also indicate how they are used in the DNA-protein paradigm. DNA and RNA are fairly different in terms of structure and function. To begin, DNA is a deoxyribose nucleic acid with a phosphate backbone while RNA is simply just a ribose nucleic acid, also with a phosphate backbone. DNA is a double stranded molecule that creates a double helix while RNA is a single stranded molecule. Both DNA and RNA have four bases. They each have Guanine, Cytosine, and Adenine, however DNA’s fourth base is Thymine whereas RNA’s fourth base is Uracil. DNA is the beginning of the DNA-protein paradigm. As DNA makes RNA, RNA is used to make protein. DNA’s main function is to store genetic information. Once that genetic information is active, it is transcribed into RNA. The two strands on the DNA are known as the coding and non-coding strands. What’s important about this is that the RNA is only transcribed from the non-coding strand. This takes place in the nucleus of the cell. The function of RNA is mainly to take the genetic code that is needed to create protein, and transfer it to the ribosomes, where translation takes place.
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2. You are interested in locating homologs of a human protein “W” in other
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