Anatomy 1.docx - Ana Costa Prof Yates BSC1083 Orien/Chem 20...

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Ana Costa 01/14/2018 Prof.: Yates BSC1083 Orien/Chem 20 ques and Organ Chart 1. Which branches of anatomy would be used when dissecting a cadaver? R: Gross Anatomy 2. Give several examples of connections between structure and function in the human body. R: The tight connections between the bones of the skull, which protect the brain. In contrast, the bones of the fingers are more loosely joined to permit movements. Also, the shape of the external ear assists in the collection and localization of sound waves, which facilitates hearing. Other relationships are not as visibly obvious; for example, the passageways that carry air into the lungs branch extensively when they reach the lungs. 3. Define the following terms: atom, molecule, cell, tissue, organ, system, and organism. R: Atom is the smallest units of matter that participate in chemical reactions; Molecules, two or more atoms joined together; Cells are structures composed of chemicals and are the basic structural and functional units of an organism; Tissues are groups of cells and the materials surrounding them that work together to perform a particular function; Organs are structures that are composed of two or more different types of tissues; A system consists of related organs with a common function; Organism can be considered all the parts of the human body functioning together constitute the total organism; 4. Which body systems help eliminate wastes?
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R: Urinary system 5. What types of movement can occur in the human body? R: The movement includes motion of the whole body, individual organs, single cells, and even structures inside cells. 6. Describe the anatomical position and explain why it is used. R: Anatomical position is the standard position of reference for the description of anatomical structures. The anatomy position it is used because with the body in the anatomical position, it is easier to visualize and understand its organization into various regions and describe relationships of various structures. 7. Which of the planes that divide the body are vertical? R: Parasagittal plane, frontal plane, and midsagittal plane. 8. What is the difference between a plane and a section? R: Planes are imaginary flat surfaces that pass through the body and sections are cuts of the body or one of its organs made along one of the planes just described.
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