Dopamine and Schizophrenia: Is There a Correlation? .pdf

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Kiersten Unitis March 21, 2018 Psyc 301 Spring 2018 Page of 1 6 Dopamine and Schizophrenia: Is There a Correlation? Schizophrenia is a “long-term mental disorder of a type involving a breakdown in the relation between thought, emotion, and behavior, leading to faulty perception, inappropriate actions and feelings, withdrawal from reality and personal relationships into fantasy and delusion, and a sense of mental fragmentation.” (Schizophrenia.) Approximately 100,000 people in the United States alone experience an episode of psychosis each year. This mental disorder is not as common as other mental disorders, however, the symptoms, (hallucinations, delusions, thought disorders, and movement disorders) are typically debilitating and lead to the person feeling like they’ve lost touch with reality. Scientists believe that there are many genes that could potentially increase the risk of schizophrenia and that there are environmental factors that also play a role, these factors include; exposure to viruses, malnutrition before birth, complications during birth, and psychosocial factors. For this paper, we are going to focus on the probability that the imbalance of the neurotransmitter dopamine plays a massive role in the development of schizophrenia. It is difficult to treat and understand the cognitive function and deficits of schizophrenia because there is not a clear neuro psychosocial signature and because of the lack of success in hugely improving the lives of those who struggle with the mental disorder. There has a been great success in treating the positive and negative symptoms, however, most patients are unable to live independently without residential and personal assistance with daily living skills. People
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Kiersten Unitis March 21, 2018 Psyc 301 Spring 2018 Page of 2 6 who have schizophrenia have a harder time developing and maintaining interpersonal relationships, having children, and holding a job. Cognitive deficits of schizophrenia range from moderate to severe and are malleable based on suggested pharmacological and behavioral studies. These impairments vary from patient to patient, but typically the patient has a lower IQ score than the general population, has poor ability to maintain their attention, has poor ability to
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  • Spring '16
  • Schizophrenia, Antipsychotic, dopamine receptors, dopamine hypothesis

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