PENCEGAHAN INFEKSI 2013.ppt - PENCEGAHA N INFEKSI Unt...

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PENCEGAHA PENCEGAHA N INFEKSI N INFEKSI Unt mahasiswa Prodi Kebidanan Sutomo. 1
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KONSEP KEWASPADAAN UNIVERSAL KONSEP KEWASPADAAN UNIVERSAL (Universal Precaution) (Universal Precaution) 2
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Prinsip : a. asumsi; darah, jaringan serta cairan tubuh lainnya merpk bahan yg berpotensi menular (HVB, HVC, HIV) shg perlu upaya agar tdk terpapar b.Yankes : - menjaga hygiene sanitasi individu - hygiene sanitasi ruangan, serta - sterilisasi peralatan 3
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TUJUAN PI Mengalami Pergeseran Dulu : unt pencegahan infeksi pasca bedah Sekarang : 1. Mengurangi kemungkinan infeksi 2. Perlindungan pd klien & petugas 4
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HUB HOST, AGENT, INFEKSI HUB HOST, AGENT, INFEKSI 5
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PRINSIP-PRINSIP DASAR DALAM PENCEGAHAN PRINSIP-PRINSIP DASAR DALAM PENCEGAHAN INFEKSI INFEKSI 1.Menggunakan alat pelindung diri 2.Menjaga kebersihan tangan 3.Menentukan antiseptik dan desinfektan yang digunakan 4.Memproses peralatan mulai dekontaminasi, pencucian dan pembilasan, DTT dan sterilisasi. 5.Pengelolaan sampah 6
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ISTILAH YG BERKAITAN PI 1. Asepsis/teknik aseptik (-) mikroorg, pd tubuh & alat 2. Antisepsis (-) mikroorg, pd tubuh dg antiseptik 3. Dekontaminasi penanganan alat spy aman diproses selanjutnya 4. Pencucian menghilangkan kotoran pd peralatan 5. Desinfeksi menghilangkan sbgn besar mikro pd alat 6. DTT menghilang, smua mikro kecuali endospora pd alat 7. Sterilisasi menghilangkan semua mikro + endospora pd alat 7
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PERLENGKAPAN PERLENGKAPAN /ALAT /ALAT PELINDUNG DIRI PELINDUNG DIRI (PPD (PPD , APD , APD ) & ISOLASI ) & ISOLASI Apa saja PPD ? Sarung tangan Celemek Masker – pelindung muka Penutup Kepala Kacamata Pelindung kaki 8
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1. 1. SARUNG SARUNG TANGAN TANGAN Sangat efektif mencegah kontaminasi pada tangan nakes Tak dpt menggantikan cuci tangan Pembatas fisik terpenting I dealnya setiap kontak 1 pasien, ganti Melindungi tangan dari bahan infeksius Melindungi px dr kuman yg terbawa petugas 9
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Dpt digunakan kembali setelah: didekotaminasi, dicuci dan dikeringka serta diterilisasi (otoklaf) / dtt (dikukus) Dipakai a. Sebelum kontak dg cairan tubuh b. Akan melakukan tindakan invasif c. Membersihkan sampah terkontaminasi 10
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Jenis sarung tangan (s.t.) a.S.t. tangan bedah : tindakan invasif (SC, laparatomi) steril / DTT b.S.t. pemeriksaan : pemeriksaan / pekerj rutin , kontak dg selaput lendir steril / DTT c. S.t. rumah tangga : mencuci alat / bagian terkont, menangani sampah. 11
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St steril --- terkontaminasi jika: a.robek / berlubang b.Menyentuh benda non steril c. M enyentuh bag luar tangan yg tdk pakai s.t. Yg perlu diperhatikan dlm pemakaian s.t: 1.Pakai ukuran yg sesuai 2.Ganti st scr berkala jika menggunakan waktu lama 3.Potong pendek kuku 4.Hindari menggunakan krim yag berlemak 5.Jangan simpan pada suhu teralu panas/dingin. 12
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Contoh Berbagai Handscoen Contoh Berbagai Handscoen 13
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2.
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