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Creation of Antagonism 2.docx - Creation of Antagonism Name...

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Creation of Antagonism Name Institution
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Abstract Nigeria, which is the largest economy in western Africa is a multi-ethnic society. The economy depends on oil from the Niger delta. The political situation of the nation has been in turmoil since independence with different communities fighting to control the nation. Military dictatorship was however able to reduce the conflicts however, the introduction of democracy has resuscitated the conflicts in the oil rich nation. Scholars argue that freedoms of expression have created room in which their issues can manifest into wars among the clans. Poverty and unemployment are the main reasons for the conflicts. Based on research it is evident that all the wars in the country have something to do with poor distribution of resources from the oil and poor governance and organization of power between the local, state and national authorities. Corruption and other forms of poor governance have been revealed by organizations such as Transparency International. Osagie et al., 2010 argues that one of the best ways to remedy the conflict will be creation of local assemblies where youths can address their issues and the reports forwarded in making policies. Land ownership and governance are major issues that facilitate the conflict. Different land acts such as the 1978 AND 1990 Acts have been formulated but poorly implemented leading to deterioration of the conflict in the region. Introduction While most reports and articles show that the war in the Niger delta began in 1990 following tensions between international oil corporations and minority ethnic groups, historical factors indicate that the tension first came up in 1966 following the formation of the Niger Delta Volunteer Force by Isaac Adaka Boro. This was after the first military coup attempt in Nigeria (Klieman, 2013). Boro declared Niger Delta as a sovereign. Over the years the issue has
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transformed, however, the primary agenda has been retained. Minority groups in the region have always felt that the national government does not allocate adequate resources and share from the exploits of oil to the region. The paper will utilize secondary sources to show the challenges facing the region, mitigation efforts attempted by government to cur the issue and bring out the main challenges in the land Acts governing the area . Major ethnic groups such as the Ijaw in the expanse repeatedly endeavored to control political ascendancy. The Niger Delta People’s Volunteer Force (NDPVF) from Ijaw ethnic society termed as a “rebel army” engaged the government in 2004 (Clark-Bekederemo, Tamuno & Alagoa, 2014). As observed, there have been augmenting cases of duel couples by abduction of foreign oil employees. According to a report by Klieman (2013) Niger Delta has acted as a ferocity locale since 1999.
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