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Running head: SHORTENED TITLE UP TO 50 CHARACTERS 1 Add Title Here, up to 12 Words, on One to Two Lines Author Name(s), First M. Last, Omit Titles and Degrees Institutional Affiliation(s) Author Note Include any grant/funding information and a complete correspondence address.
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SHORTENED TITLE UP TO 50 CHARACTERS 2 Abstract This essay will look to explain and evaluate three of the most common metal disorders which are:- - Eating Disorders - Schizophrenia - Obsessive Compulsive Disorders (OCD) The essay will look at a range of different types of psychological explanations and evaluating whether each explanation holds any strengths and or weaknesses. The essay will be concluding with a summary of the finding of the evaluation of the explanations. Eating Disorders Eating disorders are characterised by an abnormal attitude towards food that causes individuals to change their eating habits and behaviour (NHS choices, 2014) Behavioural theories suggest that all behaviours are learnt through the conditions of the environment. They explain that the behaviour that is learnt i.e. dieting becomes a habit through stimulus responses, this is called classical conditioning. If after dieting praise is received because of the affect of their attempts being accomplished, or that a new self image is created this will engage in repetition of the same activity to achieve the same satisfaction. Operant conditioning is achieved when praise is reinforced by others admiration. This approach to explain eating disorder to a degree is helpful in understanding the disorder, being a learned habit. As mainly eating disorder is widespread in the western world, and is influenced by the social norm of being thin is attractive, a size zero culture (Gross, R. 2010). The research by Hill (1996) has shown that women’s fashion magazines play a part in shaping young girls perception of desirable figures Anorexia. This research outlines that young girls see and
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SHORTENED TITLE UP TO 50 CHARACTERS 3 learn the current trend. However research studied by Touyz et al (1988) reports that there has been a case of anorexia in a woman, which had been blind since birth, therefore this cannot be a disorder that is learnt as the person cannot ‘see’ the behaviour to learn from it. This shows that the disorder is multidetermind and that there are other factors and causes that contribute to the disorder and not just environment, culture and social norms. The research carried out by Fedoroff and McFarlane (1998), show that cultural factors can only be understood as they interact with the psychology and biology of the vulnerable individual, a cultural cannot cause a disorder. This research clarifies that there maybe, factors that contribute to a disorder, but factors cannot be the cause the reason for the disorder.
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