essay8.docx - Running head SHORTENED TITLE UP TO 50...

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Running head: SHORTENED TITLE UP TO 50 CHARACTERS 1 Add Title Here, up to 12 Words, on One to Two Lines Author Name(s), First M. Last, Omit Titles and Degrees Institutional Affiliation(s) Author Note Include any grant/funding information and a complete correspondence address.
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SHORTENED TITLE UP TO 50 CHARACTERS 2 Abstract One could say that Hitler was a first-rank “Hooligan” but that wouldn’t quite hit the mark to either of them. “Hooligans” are not a new fascist regime but the young, typically undereducated and likely marginalized males who seem to cause a disproportionate degree of mayhem during football matches. Fire drills are done to somehow create an automatic response to ensure orderly evacuation during times when people are predisposed to panic and self-preservation. During such a stressful time, some postulate that people in their ‘rational rationality’ (or vice versa?), employ strategies that rationally maximize individual gain yet, by using constructs of game theory, one can see that the most obvious best case for anyone (get out first) will only create a “no-win” scenario for anyone. The goal of fire drill is to cognitively overcome this instinctual drive for survival in order to maximize individual and group outcomes. All Together If the thread that connects these ‘items’ was unclear, surely now it is apparent that the thread is the more rather substantial cable of crowd psychology. The term of “crowd psychology” was coined by Le Bon and is aptly described in his seminal work, The Crowd , as the properties of a group that distinguish it from a simple numerical sum of gathered people. These characteristics are such that the group becomes “like-minded” and loses aspects of the individual personalities of which it is composed. Further, there is a net effect of intelligence lowering and the group is largely dominated by motivations of which that are largely unconscious and are just as likely to be heroic as criminal in direction (Le Bon 1916, p.25). Le Bon’s estimate of the importance of the mass psychology was underscored by his belief and characterization of the coming of the “era of crowds”. This message was a one that was not entirely welcome to the scholars and aristocrats of the day as Le Bon asserted that everyone had
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SHORTENED TITLE UP TO 50 CHARACTERS 3 the potential to become part of the crowd. The lessening of intellectual capacity of a crowd specifically indicated that, regardless of the constituency of the group in terms of the capacities and achievements of the individuals that comprise it, all crowds are largely mindless. Aptly illustrated by the veritably ancient Roman quip, “the Senators are all good men, the Roman Senate is the evil beast” (Moscovici, S. 1985, p.14). Le Bon labeled this the “law of mental unity” that is the primary qualification that distinguishes a “group” from a “crowd” in term of the psychological characteristics. The individuals in this group, once transformed, begins to think
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