AP Comparative Government China.docx

AP Comparative Government China.docx - AP Comparative...

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AP Comparative Government: China Individuals: Sun Yat-sen: Chinese nationalist revolutionary, founder, and leader of the guomindang until his death. Attempted to create a liberal democratic political movement in China. Chiang Kai-Shek: Former nationalist leader of China after 1925; fled to Taiwan after Mao Zedong took over. Became military dictator whose major goal was to crush the Communist movement led by Mao Zedong. Lin Biao: Marshal of the People’s Republic of China and was pivotal in the Communist victory in the Chinese Civil War. Deng Xiaoping: Economic liberalization, new direction, “open door” trace policy, reforms in education, institutionalization of the Revolution by restoring bureaucracy, decentralizing government, modifying elections, etc. Xi Jinping: Chinese politician serving as General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, President of the People’s Republic of China, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission. Group: Confucian: Followed code of conduct developed by Confucius, which emphasized obligations of the people toward each other and toward their state. Mandarin/New Mandarin: People’s Liberation Army: The unified military organization of all land, sea, and air forces of the People’s Republic of China. Boxers: Supporter of the Boxer Rebellion, Boxer Uprising or Yihetuan Movement, which was a violent anti-foreign, anti-colonial, and anti-Christian uprising that took place in China between 1899 and 1901. Capitalist Roaders: A person or group who demonstrates a marked tendency to bow to pressure from bourgeois forces and subsequently attempts to pull the Revolution in a capitalist direction. Red Guards: The youths who led Mao’s Cultural Revolution. Wore red arm bands and carried his book. Terrorized Chinese citizens and determined who went to camps.
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Han: Inhabitants of China proper who considered others to be outsiders. Felt that they were the only authentic Chinese. Guomindang/Nationalists: Goumindang, The party of Chiang Kai-shek. They ruled China from 1928 until the victory of the Communists in 1949. This party led a revolution against the emperor 1911. They also tried to establish a democracy. When they were defeated by the communists they fled to Taiwan. They still rule Taiwan today. Uighurs: The Uyghurs are a Turkic ethnic group living in East and Central Asia. Today, Uyghurs live primarily in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in the People's Republic of China. Cadres: Party workers at lowest levels. A person that exercises a position of authority in a communist party-state; cadres may or may not be Communist Party members. Falun Gong: Chinese spiritual movement suppressed by the govt. since the late 1990s. Gang of Four: Jiang Qing and four political allies who attempted to seize control of Communist government in China from the pragmatists; arrested and sentenced to life imprisonment in 1976 following Mao Zedong's death. Blamed for fault of Cultural Revolution.
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  • Fall '13
  • Communism, Mao Zedong, People's Republic of China, Deng Xiaoping, Communist Party of China, Cultural Revolution

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