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264226324-Select RVD.docx - Electrical Energy Storage and...

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Electrical Energy Storage and Probable Application Authors Name Dept. name of organization Name of organization - acronyms acceptable City, Country I. INTRODUCTION The need to reduce greenhouse emission has drastically changed the way electrical power is generated. Most significantly, the demand to produce a mixed source of energy is improving in a bid to reduce greenhouse gases. The seasonal variation and the unpredictable change in the need for power supply currently are facing challenges in their mode of transmission and their distribution. According to [3], by the year 2012, the global annual production of the electricity had hit 22,200 TW h. Conversely, fossil fuel contributes about 70 percent of the annual power generation, which consists of natural gas, coal, and oil. The load balance of the power network is managed with the fossil fuel power plant for establishing network stability. As such, the need to reduce CO2 emission into the atmospheres has prompted means to reduce reliance on fossil fuels. Presently, there is a growing use of the renewable sources of energy with much care taken to protect the environment. The sporadic nature of the renewable source of energy makes it an attractive source of energy. Mainly, the issues relating to load balance and energy generation to achieve network stability and reliability are still a bigger challenge for renewable energy sources. Variable solutions have been sort of to establish an efficient and reliable source of energy. More strides that are significant have been made, but one with a potential application is known as the Electrical Energy Storage (EES) that can be implemented in a variety of techniques. II. DISCUSSION Electrical Energy storage (EES) is a technique of converting energy source from one form to energy that can be stored for later application in different medium. The energy stored
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in the form of EES can be convert back to electrical power when the need arises. The value proposition of the EES is promising according to the analysis performed on [2], most importantly in load balancing and operation of the network. According to the analysis of the potential application of the EES, [3] argues that it can be used for meeting peak electrical demands in addition to offering different time management of an electrical network. Other critical applications of the EES include reducing the sporadic nature of the renewable sources energy generation currently utilized, attaining remote vehicle load demand, enhance power quality/reliability, minimize export of electricity at peak hour, and manage the distribution/standby power generation. However, the development of the EES technologies in small network sizes still possesses challenges in various countries, particularly relative to the size of network architecture Evaluation and recommendation of EES
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