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USH CH1-4.pdf - ESSENTIAL QUESTION How did their...

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CH 1 Three Worlds Meet Section 4 European Societies Around 1492 Main Idea: Political, economic, and intellectual developments in western Europe in the 1400s led to the Age of Exploration. Why it matters today: European settlement in the Americas led to the founding of the United States. ESSENTIAL QUESTION: How did their convergence affect the cultures of North America, Africa, and Europe?
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The European Social Order 1. Describe life in medieval Europe. a. How was society organized in medieval Europe? b. What was the center of daily life in medieval Europe?
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The European Social Order In the late 1400s, most Europeans, like most Native Americans and most Africans, lived in small villages, bound to the land and to ancient traditions.
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The Social Hierarchy European communities were based on social hierarchy, that is, they were organized according to rank. Within the social structure, few individuals moved beyond the position into which they were born. Europeans generally accepted their lot as part of a larger order ordained by God and reflected in the natural world.
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The Family In Society While Europeans recognized and respected kinship ties, the extended family was not as important for them as it was for Native American and African societies at this time. Instead, Life centered around the nuclear (immediate) family. As in other societies, gender largely determined the division of labor . Among peasant families, men generally did most of the field labor and herded livestock. Women did help in the fields, but they also handled child care and household labor.
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What does the painting tell you about the importance of gender in the division of labor during the 1400s?
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Christianity Shapes the European Outlook 2. Identify the forces that weakened the power of the Roman Catholic Church. a. What role did the Roman Catholic Church play in shaping European culture? b. What were the Crusades, and how did they affect Europe? c. What was the Reformation, and how did it affect Europe?
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Christianity Shapes the European Outlook The Roman Catholic Church was the dominant religious institution in western Europe. The Pope , leader of the church and his bishops had great political and spiritual authority. Parish priests interpreted the scriptures urged the faithful to endure earthly sufferings in exchange for the promise of salvation administered the sacraments; baptism and communion People believed they were to convert people of other faiths to the Catholic Church. This missionary call spurred Europe to reach out beyond its borders first to defend, and then to spread, the faith.
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By the early 700s, Muslim armies had seized huge areas of Asia and North Africa, and most of the Iberian Peninsula. Spain and Portugal To regain this territory, Spanish Christians waged a campaign called the reconquista , or reconquest.
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