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STUDY GUIDE Exam 1 HDFS 129.docx

STUDY GUIDE Exam 1 HDFS 129.docx - HDFS 129 Introduction...

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HDFS 129: Introduction into Human Development & Family Studies STUDY GUIDE FOR EXAM 1 Fill in the blank answers are in bold. All other questions are multiple choice or true/false . Chapter 1: History, Theory and Research Strategies - Definition of THEORY o An orderly, integrated set of statements that describe the behaviors, explains how and why, and predicts the consequences Theories guide and give meaning to what we see, help us understand development, and allow us to see what may need improved. - Lifespan perspective… multidimensional, multidirectional, plastic o Lifespan: balanced view of looking at development as Multidimensional: affected by biological, psychological, and social forces. Multidirectional: a joint expression of grow and decline Plastic: open to change through new experience, can change. - 3 Theorist: ERIKSON, DARWIN & FREUD o Freud: psychosexual theory (id, ego, superego) The individual moves through 5 stages (oral: birth-1, anal 1-3, phallic 3-6, latency 6-11, genital: adolescence) during which 3 proportions of the personality (id, ego, superego) becomes integrated How parents manage their child’s sexual and aggressive drives in the first few years is crucial for healthy personality development. o Erikson: psychosocial theory Expands on Freud’s theory by emphasizing the development of culturally relevant attitudes and skills. o Darwin: theory of evolution Influenced by important developmental theories, inspired the scientific child study. Best known for: survival of the fittest (being able to adapt), Natural Selection (evolution) - Different types of research studies … clinical, naturalistic, structured and case study o Clinical: self-report, open-ended o Naturalistic: everyday environment o Structured: laboratories o Case Study: single individual
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  • Spring '17
  • lisa Kravits
  • scientific child study, healthy personality development, support language development, Proximal Development theory

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