BBH Exam One Summary study guide.docx

BBH Exam One Summary study guide.docx - Chapters 1 3 8 and...

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Chapters 1, 3, 8 and 9 Exam: terms, concepts, people/cultures, theories and studies to know the changing philosophical perspectives on mind-body relationship from the time of ancient cultures to the present day: first they thought it was evil sprits and would drill 2 holes in your head to “let them escape”. Then they thought one of the four humors (Blood (passionate temperament), Black Bile (sadness), Yellow Bile (anger disposition), and Phlegm(laid-back approach to life)) were out of whack, then in the middle ages they thought it was gods punishment for evildoing and the priests acted as the medical doctors so you had to go see them. In the beginning of the Renaissance, they started making strides to where we are today, but then the biomedical model came out and that is completely wrong as it does not considers psychological and social processes relevant. Wellness: Optimum state of physical, mental, and social well-being. Etiology: origins or causes of illness Epidemiology: study of the frequency, distribution, and causes of infectious and noninfectious disease in a population Morbidity: number of cases of a disease that exist at some given point in time Mortality: numbers of deaths due to particular causes health behaviors: undertaken by people to enhance or maintain their health health habit: healthy behavior that is firmly established and performed automatically, without awareness. primary prevention: taking measures to combat risk factors for illness before it has a chance to develop. CBT and examples (cognitive behavioral therapy) o Most effective approach to health habit modification. o Can be implemented individually, group setting, or on the internet. CAM and examples (186-192) (Complementary and Alternative Medicine) o Diverse group of therapies, products, and medical treatments that include: prayer, yoga, potions, natural herb products, meditation, massage, homeopathic medicine, acupuncture, among other treatments. 10 most common CAM therapies among US Adults 1. Prayer: 43% 2. Natural Products (herbs, vitamins, minerals: 17.7% 3. Deep Breathing: 12.7% 4. Meditation: 9.4% 5. Chiropractic and Osteopathic: 8.6% 6. Massage: 8.3% 7. Yoga: 6.1% 8. Diet-based therapy: 3.6% 9. Progressive Relaxation: 2.9% 10. Guided Imagery: 2.2% Nosocomial infection: Originating or taking place in a hospital, acquired in a hospital Medical student’s disease: students who believe they are ill with the same illness about which they are studying
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Placebo: medical procedure that produces an effect in a patient because of its therapeutic intent (sugar pill) Self-efficacy: ones ability to control ones practice of a particular behavior Neuroticism (138,161,176) o May exaggerate symptoms, or they are simply more attentive to real symptoms. Hypochondriacs (161) o Convinced normal bodily symptoms are indicators of illness. (only 4-5% of population) Why people misuse health care services for emotional disturbances o Physicians estimate that as much as half to 2/3 of their time is taken up by patients whose complaints are psychological rather than medical.
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